In Germany, the concept of Wohnungsräumung, or apartment eviction, is a legal process carried out under specific circumstances. Whether due to non-payment of rent, breach of contract, or other valid reasons, the eviction process follows a set of regulations designed to protect both tenants and landlords.

Understanding the Legal Framework

German law provides comprehensive regulations regarding renting and leasing properties. The relationship between landlords and tenants is governed by the Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch or BGB), which outlines the rights and obligations of both parties. When a tenant fails to fulfill their responsibilities, such as paying rent or Hausräumung maintaining the property, the landlord may initiate eviction proceedings.

Grounds for Eviction

There are several grounds for eviction in Germany, including:

Non-payment of Rent: If a tenant consistently fails to pay rent, the landlord has the right to initiate eviction proceedings.

Breach of Contract: Violating terms of the rental agreement, such as subletting without permission or causing significant damage to the property, can lead to eviction.

Illegal Use: Using the property for illegal activities or purposes not permitted by the rental agreement can result in eviction.

The Eviction Process

The eviction process in Germany typically involves the following steps:

Notice to Vacate: Before initiating legal action, the landlord must serve the tenant with a written notice to vacate the property. The notice period varies depending on the reason for eviction and the terms of the rental agreement.

Filing a Lawsuit: If the tenant refuses to vacate the property or rectify the issue within the notice period, the landlord can file a lawsuit with the local court. The court will review the case and may issue a judgment in favor of the landlord, ordering the tenant to vacate the premises.

Execution of Eviction: Once the court issues a judgment in favor of the landlord, a bailiff (Gerichtsvollzieher) will be tasked with executing the eviction. The bailiff will schedule a date for the eviction and notify the tenant in advance.

Wohnungsräumung: On the scheduled date, the bailiff, accompanied by the police if necessary, will supervise the eviction process. The tenant is required to vacate the property, allowing the landlord to regain possession.

Tenant Rights and Protections

While landlords have the right to evict tenants under certain circumstances, German law also provides protections for tenants. Tenants facing eviction have the right to contest the proceedings and present their case in court. Additionally, tenants are entitled to adequate notice and the opportunity to remedy any breaches of the rental agreement before eviction.


Wohnungsräumung, or apartment eviction, is a legal process governed by German law. While landlords have the right to evict tenants for valid reasons, such as non-payment of rent or breach of contract, the process involves specific steps and protections for both parties. Understanding the eviction process is essential for landlords and tenants alike to navigate rental relationships effectively and ensure their rights are upheld.