The area of the Pench Tiger Reserve and the surrounding area is the real story area of Rudyard Kipling’s famous “The Jungle Book”. The idea of Mongali is made from the pamphlet “An Account of Wolves’s Nurturing Children in their Dens” by Sir William Henry Sliman. In 1831 there was a report of the arrest of a child who had grown up with wolves in village Satbavadi near Seoni. The place described in “The Jungle Book”, the Vainganga River, its valley where Sher Khan was killed, the mountain ranges of village Kannivara and Sivani etc. are the funnysaventyr.se actual places in the Seoni district. The forest areas of the Pench Tiger Reserve have a glorious history. Its natural beauty and richness is described in the Ain-i-Akbari and many other natural history books such as R.A. Strenthal’s “Sivni, Camp life in the Satpura”, James Forsyth “High Lands of Central India” and A. A Dunbar Brander “Wild Animals of Central India” etc. Pench Tiger Reserve was awarded to “Best Maintain Tourist Friendly National Park” Award under the National Tourism Prize 2006–07.
- 1977 Declared Pench Sanctuary (449.392 sq km)
- 1983 Declared Pench National Park (292.857 sq km) 118.473 sq km remained as sanctuary and 38.062 excluded from umbrella of PA
- 1992 Included in Project Tiger
- 1995 Management of Sanctuary was handed over to Pench Tiger Reserve
- 1998 The Pench Sanctuary was finally notified by vide the Govt. of M.P. Forest Department’s Notification no. F.15–65–96-X-2 Bhopal dated 21–8–1998.
- 2002 National Park was renamed as “Indira Priyadarshinig Pench National Park” and Sanctuary was named as “Pench Mowgli Sanctuary”
- 2005 Final notification as “Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park” vide notification dated 16.12.05 by MP Govt. no. F-15–11–05-x-02
- 2007 Areas of National Park and Sanctuary are declared as Core of Pench Tiger Reserve Reserve notified dated 24.12.2007 by MP Govt. no. F-15–31–2007-X-2.
- 2010 The Buffer Zone of the tiger reserve has been notified F-15–8/2009/10–2 dated 05–10–2010
Flora & Fauna Of Pench
The forests found in Pench Tiger Reserve are divided into three parts as follows: –
Southern tropical wet deciduous forest
Southern tropical dry deciduous teak forest
Southern tropical dry deciduous mixed forest
Dry mixed forest spreads in about one-third area of ??protected area. Whose main species are salai, pickle, moyan, tendu etc. Kahua (Arjuna), Jamuna, Guular and Saja are found along the banks of river streams. Trees of Mahua, Palash, Plum etc. are found scattered around the open forests of displaced areas of old villages. Teak forests are found in about one quarter area. There are about 82 types of grass species and Bamboo found in this forest area.
The major Carnivores are Tiger, leopard, wild cat, wild dog, hyena, jackal, fox, wolf, weasel among the vegetarian species, Gaur, Nilgai, Sambar, Chital, Chasinga, Chinkara, Wild Pig etc. are prominent. In this Tiger Reserve, birds of about 325 species can also be seen in various seasons of the year. In the sunny areas of the Totladoh reservoir situated inside the park limits, there is a lot of migratory birds seen in the cold season. Among the migratory birds, Ruddy shelduck, Pintail, Whistling Teal and Vegtel etc are prominent.